IBM calls them neurosynaptic chips, and it’s architected in a completely different way than current semiconductors. Instead of creating silicon that has a processing core, a bus and a memory cache, IBM has taken a page from the human brain. The integrated memory is represented by synapses, computation by neurons and communication by axons. The current version is far less impressive than the human brain which has billion of neurons — this chip has 256. But the breakthrough here is not just about the new architecture but what that architecture means and where it fits in with the future of computing.